Busting the 20mph Limit Myths

Here we "bust" all the 20mph myths that opponents so often use as an argument against implementing an appropriate limit for residential, urban and village streets

Myth

Reality

20mph vs 30mph journey time

20mph (esp side roads) doesn’t significantly alter trip times or inconvenience drivers.  Jams & stops do.  Constant 30mph is rare due to bends, junctions etc. Going fast between obstructions = extra wait at next stop. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZECXj_qQGL4&feature=youtu.be https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pW_fyuybDYw&noredirect=1

http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/BriefingSheets/20mph_Improves_Traffic_Flow.pdf

20mph is OK near schools in term time at drop off & pick up times only

80% of child casualties happen on non-school trips. Families need wide area limits for child protection from road injury – their top risk.  Older people are even more likely to die or be seriously injured – 20mph is 10 times safer (than 30mph) for 60+yr olds compared to 7x for others  http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/BriefingSheets/How_school_safety_zones_are_not_a_priority.pdf http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/BriefingSheets/older_people_deserve_20mph.pdf  http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/BriefingSheets/Wide_20mph_Limits_Help_Children_and_Families.pdf

Variable limits only eg not at night

Variable limit digital signs are costly & can’t go on a wide network. So limits end up inconsistent, confusing & don’t reduce fear of speed or increase active travel significantly.

Casualties fall, but what about Killed & Serious Injuries KSI?

Detractors cherry pick data, pointing to raised KSIs in some places - by tiny, insignificant amounts.  KSIs are rare events.  Small datasets are unreliable.  In most 20mph places KSI fall along with total casualties.

Numbers of injuries on 20mph roads

The number & length of 20mph roads is rising (& 30mph roads falling).  Absolute numbers of injuries on 20mph roads could rise, whilst casualties per km fall. Denominator matters!

Income generation from fines –

Compliance is by engagement, pacer vehicles, speed watch volunteers, warning letters, speed awareness courses, occasional enforcement days with a few Fixed Penalty Notices & very rare points or prosecutions http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/Press_Releases/Police_Toughen_20mph_Limit_Enforcement_Guidance.pdf

Drivers could lose their licences

Police are not using 20mph limits to add points to licences or remove driving rights http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/Press_Releases/Police_Toughen_20mph_Limit_Enforcement_Guidance.pdf

Speedometer watching distracting

Drivers must check their speed whatever the limit. Speedometer checking should happen at 20 & 30 & 40mph, especially in urban areas. Highway Code

On 20mph roads people might take more risks

20mph is 7-10 times safer than 30mph. It is unlikely that people become 7-10 times more careless where 20mph limits are signed.  Massive risk compensation is an unproven fallacy

http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/BriefingSheets/Wide_20mph_Limits_Are_Effective.pdf

Drivers don’t obey 30mph & won’t obey 20mph

Average & faster road speeds decrease eg in Portsmouth by 6-7 mph slower on previously 25mph+ roads. Even 1mph matters. Every 1mph less reduces casualties & severities by 6%

http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/BriefingSheets/Wide_20mph_Limits_Are_Effective.pdf

Educate pedestrians

Yes educate. Yet studies show road safety education alone hasn’t reduced casualties. Slower speeds works & is recommended by WHO. Don’t blame the victims! http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/BriefingSheets/Dont_blame_pedestrians.pdf

20mph & efficiency

Modern vehicles are efficient at 20mph. A lower gear isn’t always needed.  Fuel use and pollution fall due to smoother driving. http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/BriefingSheets/pollutionbriefing.pdf

Popularity effects

Drivers want 20mph & support rises post implementation. It’s a vote winner! http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/BriefingSheets/20mph_Support_Rises_Briefing.pdf

Nanny state

Drivers cannot self select the limit.  All UK roads have a limit  Highway Code

UK has safe roads

Not if you are a pedestrian or cyclist, where the UK is very high risk on international comparisons. Pedestrians are 24% of fatalities

Business effects

Businesses pick up the bill now for road danger & injuries. Profits  & tourism rise with slower speeds as footfall rise http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/BriefingSheets/Businesses%20Profit%20from%2020mph%20limits.pdf

http://www.20splentyforus.org.uk/BriefingSheets/20mph_Attracts_Tourists.pdf

 

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